DTU (Lyngby, Denmark)DTU

The Technical University of Denmark (DTU) and its Section for Quantitative Sustainability Assessment (QSA) of the Department of Environmental and Resource Engineering (DTU Sustain) is one of the leading groups in the development and application of science-based methods to assess relative and absolute environmental sustainability of products and technologies in a life cycle perspective. DTU was found to be the most publishing and cited university in life cycle assessment (LCA) worldwide.

Role in the project

Coordination of environmental sustainability assessment and education activities.

Reasearch Team:
Dr. Mikolaj Owsianiak (hyperlink: https://orbit.dtu.dk/en/persons/mikolaj-owsianiak)


Technical University of Denmark
Produktionstorvet, bg 424, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

Dr. Mikolaj Owsianiak, Senior Researcher
Department of Environmental and Resource Engineering (DTU Sustain), Technical University of Denmark, Produktionstorvet, bg 424, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark



Kolektor is one of the leading producers of permanent plastomagnets based on ferrite materials and rare earths, which are an integral part of electric motors and sensors. They are primarily intended for use in the automotive industry and industrial technology.

Kolektor in INSPIRES

Kolektor  will be in charge of the production of bonded permanent magnets from recycled powders. Kolektor is the responsible of the Work-packages 0 (WP0 – Go-to-market strategy)and 3 (WP3 – Production of PMs from recycled content).

Research Team

Boris Saje

Bernarda Uršič


Boris Saje

e-mail: Boris.Saje@kolektor.com


CEPS (Bruxelles, Belgium)CEPS


Founded in Brussels in 1983, CEPS is one of the leading European think tanks, constantly ranked among the top ten non-US think tanks, focusing on EU affairs. Over the years, CEPS has amply demonstrated its ability to anticipate trends and to analyse policy questions well before they become topics of general discussion. CEPS has an extensive capacity to undertake both qualitative and quantitative empirical research as well as desk research with a large geographical coverage. CEPS has an extensive network of partners in Europe and beyond and is also a member of Green Growth Knowledge Platform established by the Global Green Growth Institute, the OECD, the UNEP and the World Bank.

Sustainable resource use and the circular economy transition are among the key pillars of work of the CEPS Energy, Resources and Climate Change Unit. The team has extensive expertise on resource-efficient and decarbonisation policies, green value chains, access to critical raw materials, assessment of the impacts of the circular economy transition, analysis of market and regulatory barriers for implementing circular economy business models and resource efficiency indicators. Some examples showcasing the CEPS work in this domain are the BATRAW and INSPIRES EU-funded projects. In the context of BATRAW, CEPS will assess the conditions and policy options for developing an EU industrial ecosystem of circularity applications for battery packs. As part of INSPIRES, CEPS analyses the value chain for recycled rare earth permanent magnets and prepares policy recommendations. CEPS has also built a Task Force comprised of representatives of major multinational companies in Europe as well as senior executives from NGOs and research institutes with the objective to prepare policy recommendations on the circular economy.

Role in the project

Lead the development of policy insights and recommendations. Assess possible market, structural and regulatory barriers to developing an EU supply chain for recycled rare earth permanent magnets (WP6).

Research Team:

Vasileios Rizos

Monica Alessi

Edoardo Righetti


Place du Congrès 1, 1000, Brussels, Belgium




ZEOS (Ljubljana, Slovenija)ZEOS

The company ZEOS, d.o.o. is a national non-profit joint scheme for the management of e-waste, i.e. waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), waste portable batteries and accumulators (WPBA) and waste grave candles (WGC).

It was established in 2005 based on the requirements of the EU Directive on the management of waste electrical and electronic equipment by manufacturers of EE equipment.

With a statute they decided that its operation would be focused on long-term efficient fulfilment of obligations arising from the EU and national legislation. The collection process involves over 50 public service providers, 1000 retailers and 500 enterprises. Annually we carry out over 10,000 takeovers of waste, and submit them for processing via contractors. Over the years, a major part of our activities involved awareness raising activities, which are key for good results in waste collection. As our resources are limited, we are very interested in projects supported by the LIFE foundation. A step forward towards raised awareness and responsiveness of end users was achieved by means of the projects LIFE+ 10/INF/SI/000139 »Slovenian WEEE campaign« and LIFE 14 GIE/SI/000176 »E-waste governance«. Currently we are conducting the third project, “Turn to e-circular LIFE18 GIE/SI/000008«. The results of our activities are reflected in every year’s increase in the quantity of collected waste, as well as in the increasingly efficient organisation of waste collection processes.

Role in the project

As part of the project, ZEOS will prepare a plan and instruction guides for optimizing the collection as well as sorting and separation of appliances containing permanent magnets (PM). For this purpose, we will perform multiple sorting analyzes by capturing different types of devices from the waste stream and determining through the course of the entire project which devices are most optimal for PM extraction.

We will also prepare a plan of elimination of  and optimization of the collection of appliances, from which it is possible to obtain PM for reuse.

eliminated devices, extracted magnets, data on the type of extracted magnets from individual devices and data on the suitability of magnets for reuse.

We will also provide our partners (with an emphasis on public utility companies and collectors) with informing and awareness-rasing campaignes on the importance of not removing electric motors, because we have an option to extract critical rare materials from them.

Reasearch Team:

Šlandrova ul. 4, SI-1231 Ljubljana Črunuče



Zeos d.o.o., Šlandrova ulica 4, 1231 Ljubljana-Črnuče


SUROVINA (Maribor, Slovenia)SUROVINA

At Surovina we continuously develop the knowledge and processes to transform waste into raw materials in an effective and environmentally friendly way.

When we take your waste container that is not the end, but the beginning of a story in which the waste becomes the foundation for new creativity and a precious source of energy.

Depending on your company’s needs, we provide adequate, integrated and customised solutions, and cover the entire process from accepting the waste to returning secondary materials back into production or ensure they are used for energy production. All phases of this process are carried out by suitably qualified workers and experts who ensure economical and environmentally friendly processes with the help of modern technologies and equipment.

Role in the project

Extraction of permanent magnets from end-of-life appliances

Reasearch Team:
Slavko Dvoršak
Vilijana Brumec
Tina Frangež
Damir Huremović
Maja Brandšteter

SI 2000 Maribor and 17 location in Slovenia

Slavko Dvoršak
Ulica Vita Kraigherja 5, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia
tel *386  41726323



Test laboratory accredited according to DIN EN ISO/IEC 17025.

Experts in failure analyses and material research (precious and technology metals).

Internationally acclaimed expert in the development of recycling processes for Rare Earth permanent magnets, involved in numerous national and international research projects. Pioneer in additive manufacturing of precision metal components via stereolithography based processes. Development of precision engineering processes, equipment and devices for the automation of production steps and materials relevant to jewellery.

Role in the project

Recycling of permanent magnets via hydrogen processing of magnetic scrap (HPMS), material development and characterisation. Dissemination and communication.

Reasearch Team:
Carlo Burkhardt
Ute Kiefner
Volker Müller
Nelson Brito and Laura Grau

75175 Pforzheim, Germany (Northern Black Forest)

Prof. Dr. Carlo Burkhardt, Scientific Director
Institute for Precious and Technology Metals (STI), Pforzheim University
Tiefenbronner Straße 65, 75175 Pforzheim, Germany

JSI (Ljubljana, Slovenia)JSI

The basic research in the Department for Nanostructured Materials at Jožef Stefan Institute focuses on inorganic materials with specific physical properties that are a consequence of their structural and chemical phenomena at the nanostructural and atomic levels.

The fields of research involve natural and manufactured ceramic materials as well as metals and intermetallic compounds.

The basis of the research is to find relationships between the physical properties of a material and its structural and chemical properties by using electron microscopy techniques to reveal phenomena on the nanoscale. Macroscopic phenomena, for example, phase transformations, phase equilibria, polytypisim, polymorphism, crystal growth, and microstructure development, are areas of particular interest. Apart from the basic research, activities are also focused on: postgraduate education, applied research, services for external partners.

Role in the project

  1. Leadership WP0 together with KOLEKTOR
  2. Advanced characterization of materials at all stages:
    • Scrap EOL magnets
    • HPMS/jet milled powder
    • Final magnets
  3. Magnetic characterization and Analytical methods:
    • SQUID, VSM
    • AFM/MFM
    • HR SEM and HR TEM equipped by EDXS and EELS, FIB
    • X-ray and ICP-OES analyses
  4. Protecting coating of the basic powders
  5. Processing of magnets on the laboratory scale

Reasearch Team:
Prof. Spomenka Kobe
Prof. Sašo Šturm
Prof. Kristina Žužek Rožman
Dr. Zoran Samardžija
Dr. Benjamin Podmiljšak
Dr. Tomaž Tomše
Ms Sanja Fidler, B.Sc., Financial&Project Manager


Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova 29, SI-1000 Ljubljana

Prof. Dr. Spomenka Kobe


GORENJE (Velenje, Slovenia)GORENJE

Gorenje is one of the leading European manufacturers of household appliances, with a history reaching back as far as 70 years. We have developed our two global brands (Gorenje and the premium brand Asko) as well as six local brands to bring users across 160 countries worldwide technologically advanced, innovative, energy-efficient and beautifully designed household appliances that provide a simple, intuitive user experience and make their lives easier.

Gorenje has production facilities across Europe, in Slovenia, Serbia and the Czech Republic, as well as development and competence centres in Sweden, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic and Slovenia.

Among our other businesses are also ecology-related services, toolmaking, engineering, catering and trade. Since 2018 Gorenje has been part of the Hisense corporation, one of the world’s leading electronic and white goods manufacturers with 80.000 employees worldwide and revenues of over EUR 18 billion. Thus we became one of the very few global companies to offer in its portfolio a complete range of home appliances, consumer electronics and mobile phones.

Our main focus is on household products and services, where we can leverage our innovative know-how and extensive experience in the field to provide a comprehensive range of products. Our vision is to become the most design-driven innovator of home appliances in the world, bringing life simplifying solutions to our end users.

Role in the project

Gorenje role in the project is testing of appliances with build-in new motors with magnets made of recycled permanent magnets

Reasearch Team:
Dr. Aleš Mihelič
MSc Simon Kotnik

Partizanska cesta 12, 3320 Velenje, Slovenia

MSc Simon Kotnik
Gorenje gospodinjski aparati, d.o.o.
Partizanska cesta 12, 3320 Velenje, Slovenia


DOMEL (Zelezniki, Slovenia)DOMEL

Domel is a global development supplier of electric motors, vacuum motors, blowers and components. Our long tradition and the loyalty of our employees are the foundation of our success.

Domel motors are enabling movement of more than 300 mio appliances around the world.

Role in the project

DOMEL will create a prototype electric motor with PMs made from recycled content and study its functional performance parameters (e.g., energy conversion efficiency), durability (e.g., expected life time) and running smoothness (e.g. torque ripping, noise generation). DOMEL will additionally study the feasibility of using PMs made from recycled content in production of electric motors at large scale, considering both the extent of alternations in existing production lines that are necessary to make electric motors from recycled PMs, but also alternatives in designs for electric motors to enable easier recovery and subsequent recycling.

Reasearch Team:
Janez Rihtaršič; Head of R&D Domel
Danijel Rodič; Motor research and development department
Uroš Koblar; Development and motor construction
Miha Ogris; Development and motor construction

DOMEL, d.o.o.
Otoki 21, 4228 Železniki, Slovenia

Davorin Slabe
Otoki 21, 4228 Železniki, Slovenia
e-mail: davorin.slabe@domel.com


CNR (Italy, Firenze e Parma)CNR

The National Research Council (CNR) is the largest public research institution in Italy, (more than 8.000 employees, of whom more than half are researchers and technologists, 4.000 post-docs and PhD students, and many research associates from Universities or private firms).

The mission of CNR is to perform, promote, spread, transfer and improve research activities in the main sectors of knowledge growth and of its applications for the scientific, technological, economic and social development of the Country.

Researchers from two institutes of CNR will be involved in this project, the Institute for the Chemistry of OrganoMetallic Compounds, ICCOM and the Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism, IMEM. The researchers participant to INSPIRES own a well consolidated, internationally-recognized expertise in the field of synthesis and advanced characterization of magnetic materials, as well as device manufacturing technologies.

Role in the project

Characterization of recycled powders, assessing recovery of properties of powders. Morphological, compositional and magnetic characterization and quality control of magnets. Dissemination and communication activities. Education of PhD students.

Reasearch Team:
Cesar de Julian Fernandez
Claudio Sangregorio
Franca Albertini
Riccardo Cabassi
Beatrice Muzzi


via Madonna del Piano, 10 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI) Italy

CNR – IMEM: Parco Area delle Scienze 37/A, 43124 Parma (ITALY)

Cesar de Julian Fernandez

Claudio Sangregorio